Liverpool (/ˈlɪvərpuːl/) is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017. Its metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the UK, with a population of 2.24 million in 2011. The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region.
Liverpool is on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary, and historically lay within the ancient hundred of West Derby in the south west of the county of Lancashire. It became a borough in 1207 and a city in 1880. In 1889, it became a county borough independent of Lancashire. Its growth as a major port was paralleled by the expansion of the city throughout the Industrial Revolution. Along with handling general cargo, freight, raw materials such as coal and cotton, the city merchants were involved in the Atlantic slave trade. In the 19th century, it was a major port of departure for Irish and English emigrants to North America. Liverpool was home to both the Cunard and White Star Line, and was the port of registry of the ocean liner RMS Titanic, the RMS Lusitania, RMS Queen Mary and RMS Olympic.
The popularity of the Beatles and other groups from the Merseybeat era contributes to Liverpool's status as a tourist destination. Liverpool is also the home of two Premier League football clubs, Liverpool and Everton, matches between the two being known as the Merseyside derby. The Grand National horse race takes place annually at Aintree Racecourse on the outskirts of the city.
The city celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2007. In 2008, it was nominated as the annual European Capital of Culture together with Stavanger, Norway. Several areas of the city centre were granted World Heritage Site status by UNESCO in 2004. The Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City includes the Pier Head, Albert Dock, and William Brown Street. Liverpool's status as a port city has attracted a diverse population, which, historically, was drawn from a wide range of peoples, cultures, and religions, particularly from Ireland and Wales. The city is also home to the oldest Black African community in the country and the oldest Chinese community in Europe.
Natives and residents of the city of Liverpool are referred to as Liverpudlians, and colloquially as "Scousers", a reference to "scouse", a form of stew. The word "Scouse" has also become synonymous with the Liverpool accent and dialect.
“利物浦永远令我欣然向往。 它总是有很多东西能够让我兴趣盎然，同时又总是有新东西可瞧可看。 我敢肯定，利物浦夕阳时分的橙色天际线甚至带有几分印度的味道。”
利物浦不仅是披头士乐队的诞生地和利物浦足球俱乐部的所在地，而且还是一流的旅游目的地，除伦敦之外，这里的受保护建筑、剧 院、博物馆和美术馆比其他任何城市都要多。 披头士博物馆和泰特美术馆比肩为邻，除利物浦外何处去寻？ 这座包罗万象、充满活力、休闲放松的城市拥有浓厚的历史、现代的旅游名胜以及年轻的氛围，能够让人立感亲切放松－利物浦绝对能让每位游客尽兴而归。
利物浦拥有丰富多彩的历史，最早可追溯至 800 多年以前。 利物浦被列入联合国教科文组织世界遗产，除伦敦外，其受保护建筑比任何一座城市的都要多。 这座城市还拥有迷人的海事史，它曾经是世界上最大的港口之一，这段历史为它留下了丰富的艺术和建筑遗产，使其外表出众、气氛独特。
利物浦的名胜丰富多样，定能让所有游客尽兴而归。 The Albert Dock is one of Britain’s top tourist attractions, and is home to the Beatles Story , Tate Liverpool and Merseyside Maritime Museum . 利物浦的博物馆和美术馆中的明星是壮观的Walker Art Gallery －北方国家艺术馆。
过去十年里，利物浦餐饮业得到了蓬勃的发展，无论您喜欢何种口味和价位，均有丰富的选择。 利物浦拥有欧洲最古老的华人社区，唐人街中餐馆林立。 在许多地方，您仍能够享用到炖杂烩和当地海鲜等可口的当地美食。