|Englische Bezeichnung||Deutsche Bezeichnung||Eingerichtet||Turnus (aktuell)||Bereich|
|Buchanan Medal||Buchanan-Medaille||1897||zweijährlich in ungeraden Jahren||Medizin|
|Copley Medal||Copley-Medaille||1731||jährlich||alle Wissenschaften|
|Darwin Medal||Darwin-Medaille||1890||zweijährlich in geraden Jahren||Biologie|
|Gabor Medal||Gabor-Medaille||1989||zweijährlich in ungeraden Jahren||interdisziplinäre Forschung|
|King Charles II Medal||1997||unregelmäßig||für Staatsoberhäupter, die Forschung fördern|
|Leverhulme Medal||Leverhulme-Medaille||1960||dreijährlich||Chemie und Chemieingenieurwesen|
|Royal Medal||Royal Medal||1826||drei Medaillen jährlich||2× Naturwissenschaften, 1× Angewandte Wissenschaften|
|Rumford Medal||Rumford-Medaille||1800||zweijährlich in geraden Jahren||Thermische und optische Materialeigenschaften|
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society. Founded in November 1660, it was granted a royal charter by King Charles II as "The Royal Society". It is the oldest national scientific institution in the world. The society is the United Kingdom's and Commonwealth of Nations' Academy of Sciences and fulfils a number of roles: promoting science and its benefits, recognising excellence in science, supporting outstanding science, providing scientific advice for policy, fostering international and global co-operation, education and public engagement.
The society is governed by its Council, which is chaired by the Society's President, according to a set of statutes and standing orders. The members of Council and the President are elected from and by its Fellows, the basic members of the society, who are themselves elected by existing Fellows. As of 2016, there are about 1,600 fellows, allowed to use the postnominal title FRS (Fellow of the Royal Society), with up to 52 new fellows appointed each year. There are also royal fellows, honorary fellows and foreign members, the last of which are allowed to use the postnominal title ForMemRS (Foreign Member of the Royal Society). The Royal Society President is Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, who took up the post on 30 November 2015.
Since 1967, the society has been based at 6–9 Carlton House Terrace, a Grade I listed building in central London which was previously used by the Embassy of Germany, London.