Deutsch-Chinesische Enzyklopädie, 德汉百科
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Großer Palast Bangkok Deutscher Wortschatz
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曼谷大皇宫/พระบรมมหาราชวัง/Grand Palace Bangkok

曼谷大皇宫泰语: พระบรมมหาราชวัง) 位于曼谷拍那空县,从18世纪到20世纪,曾是暹罗王国(泰国旧名)的皇宫。也是泰国王室公定的居住地点,在所有的泰国王宫中有着重要的地位。建于拉玛一世统治期间的1782年,然而,在1946年泰国国王拉玛八世驾崩后,拉玛九世将王室搬到迟塔拉达宫(Chitralada Palace),而象征王朝的宫殿依然存在,因此,现在的泰国王室并不住在这里[1]


Der Große Palast (Thai: พระบรมมหาราชวัง, Aussprache: [pʰráʔ bɔrom máʔhăː râtt͡ɕʰáʔwaŋ], im engl. Sprachgebrauch: „Grand Palace“) war die offizielle Residenz der Könige von Siam (heutiges Thailand) in Bangkok vom Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts bis zur Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Nach dem Tod des Königs Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII.) 1946 im Borom-Phiman-Palast beschloss König Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX.) die Verlegung der Residenz in die Chitralada-Residenz des Dusit-Palastes.  

タイバンコクプラナコーン区にある王宮タイ語: พระบรมมหาราชวัง、英語: Grand Palace)はタイ国王の「公的」な居住地であり、国内すべての宮殿の中でもっとも重要であるとされる宮殿。ただし、実際にはラーマ9世以降国王は居住しておらず、日常的な公務もここで行われていないが、戴冠式、上級王族の葬儀、国王誕生日謁見の儀等重要式典の際は、ここで執り行われる。大まかに外朝と内朝に分かれているが、一般公開されているのは、外朝の一部のみで、内朝が全く公開されていない。また、現在僅かな一部の区域がウボンラット王女の住居としても確保されている。 

The Grand Palace (Thai: พระบรมมหาราชวัง, RTGSPhra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang[1]) is a complex of buildings at the heart of Bangkok, Thailand. The palace has been the official residence of the Kings of Siam (and later Thailand) since 1782. The king, his court, and his royal government were based on the grounds of the palace until 1925. King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX), resided at the Chitralada Royal Villa and his successor King Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) at the Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall, both in the Dusit Palace, but the Grand Palace is still used for official events. Several royal ceremonies and state functions are held within the walls of the palace every year. The palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Thailand.

Construction of the palace began on 6 May 1782, at the order of King Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I), the founder of the Chakri Dynasty, when he moved the capital city from Thonburi to Bangkok. Throughout successive reigns, many new buildings and structures were added, especially during the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V). By 1925, the king, the Royal Family and the government were no longer permanently settled at the palace, and had moved to other residences. After the abolition of absolute monarchy in 1932, all government agencies completely moved out of the palace.

In shape, the palace complex is roughly rectangular and has a combined area of 218,400 square metres (2,351,000 sq ft), surrounded by four walls. It is situated on the banks of the Chao Phraya River at the heart of the Rattanakosin Island, today in the Phra Nakhon District. The Grand Palace is bordered by Sanam Luang and Na Phra Lan Road to the north, Maharaj Road to the west, Sanam Chai Road to the east and Thai Wang Road to the south.

Rather than being a single structure, the Grand Palace is made up of numerous buildings, halls, pavilions set around open lawns, gardens and courtyards. Its asymmetry and eclectic styles are due to its organic development, with additions and rebuilding being made by successive reigning kings over 200 years of history. It is divided into several quarters: the Temple of the Emerald Buddha; the Outer Court, with many public buildings; the Middle Court, including the Phra Maha Monthien Buildings, the Phra Maha Prasat Buildings and the Chakri Maha Prasat Buildings; the Inner Court and the Siwalai Gardens quarter. The Grand Palace is currently partially open to the public as a museum, but it remains a working palace, with several royal offices still situated inside.

L'ancien Palais royal de Bangkok (Thai : พระบรมมหาราชวัง, Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) de Bangkok a été construit en 1782 par le roi Rama Ier, le fondateur de la dynastie cariouati, sur la rive droite (orientale) de la Chao Phraya quand il a déménagé la capitale de Thonburi à Bangkok. Tout au long de règnes successifs, beaucoup de nouveaux bâtiments et structures ont été ajoutés, en particulier pendant le règne du roi Chulalongkorn (Rama V).

Le palais abrite non seulement la résidence royale et la salle du trône, mais aussi un grand nombre de bureaux gouvernementaux et le temple du Bouddha d'émeraude (Wat Phra Kaeo, récemment rénové).

Le monarque actuel, le roi Vajiralongkorn (Rama X), réside actuellement au palais Chitralada, mais le Grand Palais est encore utilisé pour les événements officiels. Plusieurs cérémonies royales se déroulent dans les murs du palais chaque année.

Un canon historique, le Phaya Tani, lui fait face depuis le Ministère de la défense.

Il grande palazzo reale (in thailandese พระบรมมหาราชวัง, traslitterazione RTGS: Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) è un complesso di edifici situato nel distretto centrale di Phra Nakhon a Bangkok, la capitale della Thailandia.

È la residenza ufficiale dei re di Thailandia dal 1785. La costruzione del palazzo iniziò nel 1782, all'inizio del regno di Rama I, che trasferì la capitale dalla vicina Thonburi a Bangkok. Nel corso degli anni il palazzo è stato diverse volte ampliato, con la costruzione di nuovi edifici, e modificato con l'abbattimento o il restauro degli edifici obsoleti.

El Gran Palacio Real (en tailandés: พระบรมมหาราชวัง, Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) es un complejo de edificios en Bangkok, Tailandia, que sirvió como residencia oficial del rey de Tailandia desde el siglo XVIII hasta mediados del siglo XX. Con la muerte del rey Ananda Mahidol en el Palacio de Baromphiman, el rey Bhumibol Adulyadej trasladó la residencia oficial al Palacio Chitralada.

La construcción del conjunto del complejo palaciego se inició en 1792, durante el reinado de Rama I. Se encuentra situado al este del río Chao Phraya, protegido por el mismo. El resto del complejo se encuentra defendido por una valla de 1.900 metros de longitud que agrupa un área de 218.400 metros cuadrados. Más allá de la valla se encuentra un canal, creado también con propósitos defensivos. Así la zona asemeja una isla, conocida como Rattana Kosin. Los lugares más destacadas son el templo Wat Phra Kaew, que contiene al Buda de Esmeralda, y el edificio de estilo renacentista italiano Chakri Mahaprasad Hall.

Большой дворец (тайск. พระบรมมหาราชวัง, Пхрабароммахарадчаванг) — комплекс зданий в Бангкоке, Таиланд.

Большой дворец служил резиденцией королей Таиланда начиная с XVIII века. Строительство дворца началось в 1782 году, во время правления короля Рамы I, когда он переместил столицу страны из Тхонбури в Бангкок. Дворец постоянно расширялся, со временем было построено множество новых зданий и сооружений различного назначения. В настоящее время дворец для проживания королей Таиланда не используется. Король Рама IX проживал во дворце Читралада.

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